Social and economic factors The majority of people recognise that it is in their own best interests to preserve society.
They benefit materially from society and also gain some degree of safety by being a member of it. A member of the subculture is expected to comply with its values and norms rather than with mainstream laws.
This is not an entirely new concept—in the nineteenth century it was believed that the shape of the skull and the size of the nose could determine a criminal.
Consequently, for the majority of people the concept that laws must be followed is developed from an early age. It is often suggested that if a child is brought up in a home where criminal activity is common the child is more likely to engage in criminal activities.
The most that can be said is that it is possible that some people commit more crimes than others because of their genetic make-up. The common belief is that most thieves are poor and unemployed, but the majority of white-collar crimes are motivated by greed and self-interest.
Sometimes, politically motivated criminal activity may be considered justifiable e. However, in spite of this there are wide variations in the degree to which people actually do comply with the law. However, other studies have shown no link between genetic make-up and criminality.
Most people think that committing a crime is immoral. A subculture is a culture that exists within a wider society, but which has different values and morals from the mainstream gang culture is an example of this.
This may take the form of peaceful demonstration, but in extreme cases it can lead to violence, such as terrorist actions, violent demonstrations and assassination.
It is more accurate to suggest that these people do not care whether or not their act harms society. For example, a series of violent protests, which saw thousands of cars torched, took place among the migrant population of France in For example, someone who is poorly educated or who has suffered family breakdown or physical abuse may see society as being the cause of their problems and therefore feel no desire to obey the laws established for its protection.
This is particularly so for children whose parents have shown no regard for the law. Some migrant leaders argued that their people were so frustrated with racism and disadvantage that violent protest was the only way to have their concerns dealt with.
Therefore, the theory of differential association can be summed up as stating that a person who is exposed to an environment in which criminal behaviour is normal is more likely to become a criminal.
However, people who are disadvantaged perceive fewer reasons to obey the laws that hold our society together. Self-interest and greed Our society has become increasingly materialistic and consumer-driven.
Other factors are, however, much more important. It is commonly suggested that people obey the law because they think that not obeying it would be harmful to society.
Genetic theories One of the more controversial theories about the cause of criminal activities is based on the concept that certain genetic differences may result in criminal behaviour.
The theory of differential association A sense of moral duty is one of the main reasons for people obeying laws.
However, it is hard to see how a murderer can think that the act of murder does not harm society. Monday, November 1, Factors affecting criminal behaviour Most people are conditioned to follow the law by their parents and educational institutions. Nelson Mandela was declared a criminal and sentenced to prison for his actions against the racist apartheid government of South Africa.
As a result it is now obvious that many criminals are simply motivated by greed—some people take things just because they desire them.Nov 01, · Factors affecting criminal behaviour Most people are conditioned to follow the law by their parents and educational institutions.
Consequently, for the majority of people the concept that laws must be followed is developed from an early age. 6 traits that lead to criminal behavior.
One study found a person could possess up to eight traits, while others identified that a person. Behavior Criminal Justice and Criminal Justice and Behavior Faye S. Taxman and Jill A. Gordon Correctional Officers in Adult Prisons Do Fairness and Equity Matter?: An Examination of Organizational Justice Among This study was funded by a state correctional agency with which the senior author has.
PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS UNDERLYING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR Melitta Schmideberg, M.D. Dr. Schmideberg is Psychiatrist to The Institute for the Scientific. The Effects of Social Factors on Committing Crimes: A Case Study of Darehshahr Prison, Iran Author links open overlay panel Ali Ayar a b Yaser Lotfi a Elias Nooraee b Show more.
A Study of Factors Affecting Citizens' Perceptions of Crime in Two Urban Areas in Transition Factors Affecting Perceptions of Crime For decades the motivating factors behind criminal behavior have fascinated and perplexed criminologists.Download