An analysis of four theories of motivation instinct theory sociobiology drive reduction theory and i

I have a friend who likes skydiving. Some motivations are obvious, while others are quite subtle. This concept is called the Yerkes-Dodson law. Do you think the salmon learn this complex set of behaviors? In other words, achievement awards and titles can boost engagement significantly.

Where do these motivations come from? But in reality most of our behaviors are not unlearned and thus we are not purely motivated by our instincts.

Instinct Theory Of Motivation

Thus neither instinct of drive reduction theory can explain this behavior. Behavioural drive reduction theory suggests that infants are born with innate drives, such as hunger and thirst, which only the caregiver, usually the mother, can reduce.

However, this theory is challenged by the work done by Harry Harlowparticularly the experiments involving the maternal separation of rhesus monkeyswhich indicate that comfort possesses greater motivational value than hunger. Nevertheless, systems, processes, and rules can prevent this, so it is essential that opportunities for connecting and interacting with team members are available.

Needs drive our behavior to seek homeostasis balance in our bodies. Zajonc devised a study in which individual cockroaches were released into a tube, at the end of which there was a light. Thus, this design presents a model for informed managers to boost worker engagement.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Maslow believed that we must satisfy the lower needs first before moving on to the higher ones. The hunger need drives us to find food to get rid of the hunger thus bringing us back to a homeostatic state. And, as we act or behave on other motivations emerged as a result of our core motivation, all our actions are considered as instincts.

People with high optimum levels of arousal will be drawn to high excitement behaviors, like bungee jumping. So I went up to my room with my books and talked to my girlfriend for three hours every night what we talked about I have no freakin idea.

In the presence of a passive audience, an individual is in a heightened state of arousal. Text for the Szondi Congress of Cracow, August Click here to get this post in PDF The four-drive model of employee motivation is a holistic way to look beyond typical financial workplace rewards.

Understanding that employees thrive on developing relationships inside the organization and with clients is essential.

We learn to associate some stimuli with rewards and others with punishment, and we are motivated to seek the rewards. Looking back at the previous example, there are always few women who do not exhibit the same level of affection and care as expected.

In the presence of other cockroaches as spectators, cockroaches were observed to achieve a significantly faster time in reaching the light than those in the control, no-spectator group.

Corroborative evidence[ edit ] Such behaviour was first noticed by Triplett while observing the cyclists who were racing together versus cyclists who were racing alone.


It was found that no social facilitation effect occurred, and hence the anticipation of performance evaluation must play a role in social facilitation. However, drive reduction theory cannot explain all of our motivations. Nope, she was born to hump that sounds kind of weird.

Here is a quick refresher on Maslow. Arousal Theory Arousal theory states that we seek an optimum level of excitement or arousal. Maslow said that all needs are not created equal. I have seen literally dozens of different definitions for motivation. Incentives are stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning.

Creating challenges for employees provides opportunities to learn and grow. Sometimes we are motivated to perform behaviors that do not seem with any need or drive, primary or secondary. If the dominant response is correct, then social presence enhances performance of the task.

Employees need to create connections, perceive a fit with the corporate culture, and engage with others. In general we perform better perform best at moderate levels of arousal.

A common example used by psychologists to explain Instinct Theory of Motivation is that a human mother will always attempt to take care of her baby, regardless of her upbringing and social standard.

However, the three additional drives in this theory combine with achievement to perform an integral role in employee motivation. He loves to throw himself out of planes for fun. If we skip breakfast, we feel hungry.2 7 Drive-Reduction Theory When the instinct theory of motivation failed to explain most human motivation, it was replaced by the drive-reduction theory.

The differences in these theories usually lie on how they emphasize biological and/or environmental forces in their attempt to explain the process of motivation.

Incentive Theory of Motivation

While there are theories that combine several aspects of science, the Instinct Theory of Motivation is one (and perhaps the only one) that gives a complete emphasis on the biological approach to motivation.

This essay aims to describe the four theories of motivation, Instinct theory, Sociobiology, Drive-Reduction theory and Incentive theory.

I will be relating each theory to George's behaviour and whether they do or do not apply to George's behaviour. A theory that focuses on motivation and behaviour, the Incentive Theory of Motivation involves the concepts of conditioning, homeostasis and positive reinforcement.

The theory is one of the motivation theories that are promoted by behaviourists. Drive Reduction Theory According to Clark Hull (, ), humans have internal internal biological needs which motivate us to perform a certain way. These needs, or drives, are defined by Hull as internal states of arousal or tension which must be reduced.

In psychology, a drive theory or drive doctrine is a theory that attempts to define, analyze, or classify the psychological drives. A drive is an "excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance", an instinctual need that has the power of driving the behaviour of an individual.

An analysis of four theories of motivation instinct theory sociobiology drive reduction theory and i
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