The European Renaissance began in Northern Italy in the 14th century. For example, the Italian philosopher Pico della Mirandola, in a work entitled On the Dignity of Man, exalted human beings as capable of rising to the level of the angels through philosophical contemplation. It was a sin against God, at least wherever rulers claimed to rule by "Divine Right.
Though it eventually spread through Europe, the Renaissance began in the great city-states of Italy. In this climate, humanism was akin to heresy.
They did not all occur at exactly the same time and in exactly the same manner. However, perhaps the most important technological development of the Renaissance happened not in Italy but in Germany, where Johannes Gutenberg invented the mechanical movable-type printing press in the middle of the 15th century.
Science Science and engineering were other fields that experienced major changes during the Renaissance.
As the power of the northern city-states grew, the Papacy increasingly became the seat of an international politician rather than a spiritual leader, and many pontiffs fell prey to the vices of corruption and nepotism that often accompanied a position of such power.
Renaissance literature dealt much more with human characteristics and behaviours, shifting away from the religious and metaphysical subjects of earlier Medieval books, poems and plays.
Although his Divine Comedy belongs to the Middle Ages in its plan and ideas, its subjective spirit and power of expression look forward to the Renaissance. For this, Galileo was arrested for heresy and threatened with torture and death, but he refused to recant: For this reason, some historians speak of a series of renaissances in Europe.
Francis of Assisi Receiving the StigmataSt. The intellectual stimulation provided by humanists helped spark the Reformationfrom which, however, many humanists, including Erasmus, recoiled.
His first Roman masterpiece, the Tempietto at San Pietro in Montorio, is a centralized dome structure that recalls Classical temple architecture. Unlike the Catholic faith, however, humanism did not promote the notion that humans are naturally sinful and it also placed a lot of emphasis on finding reason.
Josquin des Prez, drawing by Joris van der Straeten, 16th century. The Middle Ages of European history was a time characterised by conformism. Each of these states grew up with its own distinctive character, very much due to the different forms of government that presided over each.
Cornerstone of the Renaissance Thanks to the patronage of these wealthy elites, Renaissance-era writers and thinkers were able to spend their days doing just that.
From Italy the new humanist spirit and the Renaissance it engendered spread north to all parts of Europe, aided by the invention of printing, which allowed literacy and the availability of Classical texts to grow explosively. The Sistine Choir, which performed at services when the pope officiated, drew musicians and singers from all of Italy and northern Europe.
The intellectuality of his conceptionsthe monumentality of his compositions, and the high degree of naturalism in his works mark Masaccio as a pivotal figure in Renaissance painting.
The oil medium, introduced to northern Italy by Antonello da Messina and quickly adopted by Venetian painters who could not use fresco because of the damp climate, seemed particularly adapted to the sanguinepleasure-loving culture of Venice.
After reading this influential book, many followers were inspired to become as physically and intellectually perfect as possible.Jan 09, · The Renaissance was a cultural and intellectual movement that peaked during the 15 th and 16 th centuries, though most historians would agree that it really began in the 14 th, with antecedents.
High Renaissance Visual Analysis Introduction Generally believed to have begun in Florence, the Renaissance – also known as the ‘Rebirth’ – was a period of reviving interest in classical art and the beginning of scientific revolution.
The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art.
In fact, the Renaissance (in Italy and in other parts of Europe) was considerably more complicated than that: For one thing, in many ways the period we call the Renaissance was not so different from the era that preceded it.
Alas, the Italian Renaissance could not last forever, and beginning in with the French invasion of Italian land Italy was plagued by the presence of foreign powers vying for pieces of the Italian peninsula. Introduction: what was the Renaissance?, Renaissance in Europe, Renaissance and Reformation, SOSE: History, Year 8, QLD Introduction The period of European history referred to as the Renaissance was a time of great social and cultural change in Europe.Download