They worked in mines with bad ventilation and developed lung diseases. Group of Breaker boys by Lewis Hine What types of jobs did children do?
The increase in industry resulted in a growth among the blue collar working class. These papers and extensive captions that describe the photo subjects reflect results of this early documentary effort. Addams served as an executive member of the National Child Labor Committee.
During the second industrial revolution there was such a widespread use of children in the mines and factories. Teacher created, classroom-tested, lesson plans using primary sources from the Library of Congress. Children of migrant families who are often paid by the piece instead of by the hour, must work alongside their parents.
Teaching with the Library of Congress. It still Child labor and the second industrial in certain areas o the economy, but it has reduced significantly allowing a childhood of play, education and discovery. Born into a family of activists, she was exposed to and involved with political and social issues at an early age.
In some cases, the businesses treated the children no better than slaves. The opponents of child labor then sought a constitutional amendment authorizing federal child labor legislation.
Jane Addams and others who lived at Hull House were advocates for child labor reform. Connecting to Illinois The Industrial Revolution brought a increased need for coal to keep steam machinery running. This labor force was made up of millions of newly arrived immigrants and vast numbers of families migrating from rural areas to cities with the hope of job security and prosperity.
The official number was 1. When they did earn wages, children often earned 10 to 20 percent of what an adult would earn for the same job.
Personal voices from the Library of Congress: They sat in a room dark from the thick coal dust for hours. The industrial revolution led to a final push into the modern era which came with the discovery of electricity, the invention of the automobile and the production of the first synthetics.
Some families also needed the money their kids brought home. In addition, the influx of immigrants, beginning with the Irish in the s and continuing after with groups from southern and eastern Europe, provided a new pool of child workers.
In most situations, every able family member was needed to work to simply keep the family above the poverty level.
The use of railroads grew exponentially and industry and services once in isolated areas of the country entered into a national market economy. Hine was a teacher who left that profession to work full-time as an investigator for the committee.
Byroughly 1. Breaker boys handled thousands of pieces of coal each day and the sulfur on the coal would cause their fingers to swell and bleed. The second industrial revolution created new scientific knowledge which was applied to industry as scientists and engineers unlocked the secrets of physics and chemistry.
The images show Americans at home, work and play, with an emphasis on rural and small town life and adverse effects of the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl, and increasing farm mechanization. Our age is sometimes called the Computer Age or the Information Age.
Many businesses were against it because they liked the cheap labor. They offer a detailed depiction of working and living conditions of many children - as well as adults -- in the United States between and Era 6 -The Development of the Industrial United States ()Standard 3A -Demonstrate understanding of how the "second industrial revolution" changed the nature of work and conditions of work.
This lesson correlates to the National Standards for Civics and Government. Child labor was a common practice throughout much of the Industrial Revolution.
Estimates show that over 50% of the workers in some British factories in the early s were under the age of In the United States, there were overchildren under the age of 15 working in In Abbott joined the Department of Labor. She was assigned to the Children's Bureau, a division that investigated and reported issues related to child welfare that implemented the first federal law restricting child labor.
However, in the U.S.
Supreme Court struck down the legislation. Video: Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed.
Horrell, S. and J. Humphries(), “The exploitation of little children: Child labour and the family economy in the Industrial Revolution”, Explorations in Economic History, 32(4), Basu, Kaushik, and Homa Zarghamee. Child labor was extremely common during the Industrial Revolution as the children's small body sizes made them able to reach the corners of large factory machines that adults could not.
It is speculated that children as young as four years old were employed by Industrial-era factories.