Suddenly, he sees the snow-covered top of Mt. He wistfully recalls his life, packed with experiences he once planned to translate into art: One of the best-known writers of the twentieth century, Hemingway played a crucial role in the development of modern fiction. Helen, he remembers, is a rich widow who was bored by the series of lovers she took before she met him and who married him because she admired his writing and they had similar interests.
Next, he remembers an officer named Williamson who was hit by a bomb and to whom Harry subsequently fed all his morphine tablets.
As Helen returns to drink cocktails with Harry, they make up their quarrel. The figures of the frozen leopard and scavenging hyena contrast two attitudes to death: The hyena and vultures are associated with illness, fear, and death, and Kilimanjaro itself, though its role has sparked the most controversy among scholars and critics, seems associated with a sort of redemptive heavenly afterlife.
As night falls and a hyena flits past the camp, Harry once again senses the approach of death. Helen is obviously concerned for his welfare, but self-pity and frustration make him unpleasant to her. Others have rejected this view, arguing that Harry miserably fails to redeem himself.
Later, he recalls that he returned to Paris and to his then-wife. The couple fruitlessly bicker, and as they argue he has a premonition of his own death.
Harry takes his blessings, including his caring wife, his full life, and his writing talent, for granted, and on his deathbed muses on how he could have appreciated each more. In his renowned short stories, including "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro," he drew from his own experiences to create fiction that was praised as direct, immediate, and powerful.
What does Kilimanjaro stand for? He feels a sudden sensation of weight on his chest, but as he is carried to his tent his discomfort is abruptly relieved. The progression of his gangrene symbolizes his rotting sense of self-worth. He is lifted onto the plane and watches the landscape go by beneath him.
He then begins to ruminate on his life experiences, which have been many and varied, and on the fact that he feels he has never reached his potential as a writer because he has chosen to make his living by marrying a series of wealthy women.
Hemingway consciously adopted the central Modernist tenet that form expresses content, and he strove to imitate the rhythms of life in his fiction, augmenting meaning through repetition, counterpoint, and juxtaposition.
As Harry lies on his cot remembering, he feels the presence of death and associates it with a hyena that is running around the edge of the campsite.
No one knows why it is there. Harry then recalls the process by which he developed gangrene two weeks before: Using Harry as a vehicle, Hemingway writes of a log house he visited as a child in Michigan, of his experiences during World War I, of his life in Paris with his first wife and their fishing trip to the Black Forest, of his skiing trips in Austria, and of a location near the Yellowstone River in Wyoming.
However, as the plane rises into the clouds, he suddenly realizes that he is headed not for the hospital but for the blindingly white summit of Kilimanjaro. He had not used iodine and it had become septic.
As they await rescue by plane, Harry bitterly reflects on his once-promising writing career. He quarrels with her over everything, from whether he should drink a whiskey-and-soda to whether she should read to him.There is abundant symbolism in this story, as many scholars have noted.
The actual significance and meaning of these symbols has been hotly debated, but generally, the frozen leopard on the summit of Kilimanjaro is associated with death, immortality, and possibly redemption.
"The Snows of Kilimanjaro" The story opens with a paragraph about Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, which is also called the “House of God.” There is, we are told, the frozen carcass of a leopard near the summit.
[In the following essay, Montgomery analyzes the significance and implications of the central symbols in "The Snows of Kilimanjaro.
"] In "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" Ernest Hemingway employs specific symbols—a mountain, a hyena, a leopard—to dramatize a favorite theme: heroic perseverance. Voice, Imagery, Symbols and Theme in Snows of Kilimanjaro Essay Words | 6 Pages Voice, Imagery, Symbols and Theme in Snows of Killamanjaro The Snows of Kilimanjaro, a short story by Ernest Hemingway, is a brilliant study of a man's final hours precluding death.
Elia, for instance, writes in “Three Symbols in Hemingway’s ‘The Snows Of Kilimanjaro’”, that “Hemingway’s use of these two symbols is hardly accidental; both are important archetypes, which symbolize the aspirations and actions of his main character, Harry, a would-be-writer”(Elia ).
Therefore, "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" reflects Ernest Hemingway's experience and thought through its symbols, including the role of Harry, the leopard and hyena, and the snows on the peak of Kilimanjaro.3/5(2).Download